Energy Efficient and Scalable Routing in MANET using Ant Colony Optimization and Zone Based Routing Protocols
Keywords:Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET), Ant Colony Optimization (ACO), Zone Based Routing Protocols, ZRP, Power Management
Mobile Ad Hoc Network (MANET) is a collection of wireless mobile nodes dynamically forming a network.
There is no fix infrastructure in MANETs. Routing in MANET is biggest challenge for researchers.ACO algorithm
uses mobile agents called ants to explore network. Ants support to find routes between two nodes in the network. ZRP
is based on border casting of data which is also used in our work. In this paper our work is based on ants jump from
one zone to the next zones which contains of the proactive routing within a zone (with 30mW power level) and reactive
routing between the zones (with 60mW power level).